User avatar
General Stonewall Jackson
Posts: 4
Joined: Sat Dec 27, 2008 7:43 am
Location: Tennessee

General Thomas Stonewall Jackson

Sat Dec 27, 2008 9:02 am

Overview : Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (January 21, 1824 – May 10, 1863) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and probably the most revered Confederate commander after General Robert E. Lee. His military career includes such famous exploits as the audacious Valley Campaign of 1862 and as a corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee. Confederate pickets accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863, which the general survived, albeit with the loss of an arm to amputation. However, he died of complications of pneumonia eight days later. Military historians consider Jackson to be one of the most gifted tactical commanders in United States history. His Valley Campaign and his envelopment of the Union Army right wing at Chancellorsville are studied worldwide even today as examples of innovative and bold leadership. He excelled as well at the First Battle of Bull Run (where he received his famous nickname "Stonewall"), Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. Jackson was not universally successful as a commander, however, as displayed by his weak and confused efforts during the Seven Days Battles around Richmond in 1862. His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but the morale of its army and the general public; as Jackson lay dying, General Robert E. Lee sent a message to Jackson through Chaplain Lacy, saying "Give General Jackson my affectionate regards, and say to him: he has lost his left arm but I have lost my right."

Things considered:
-He never did things thats would be addictive because he might like them to much
-A very religious man
-A very ruthless man when it comes to discipline in a military manner
-A follower of Alexander the Great and his military strategies and tactical advancements

-In 1842, Jackson was accepted to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York
- Fought in the Mexican-American War from 1846 to 1848
-It was in Mexico that Jackson first met Robert E. Lee
-In the spring of 1851, Jackson accepted a newly created teaching position at the Virginia Military Institute (VMI), in Lexington, Virginia. He became Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy and Instructor of Artillery
-While an instructor at VMI, in 1853, Thomas Jackson married Elinor "Ellie" Junkin, whose father was president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia
-Ellie gave birth to a stillborn son on October 22, 1854, experiencing a hemorrhage an hour later that proved fatal
-After a tour of Europe, Jackson married again, in 1857. Mary Anna Morrison was from North Carolina
-They had a daughter named Mary Graham on April 30, 1858, but the baby died less than a month later. Another daughter was born in 1862, shortly before her father's death. The Jacksons named her Julia Laura, after his mother and sister
-In November 1859, at the request of the governor of Virginia, Major William Gilham led a contingent of the VMI Cadet Corps to Charles Town to provide an additional military presence at the execution by hanging on December 2, 1859, of militant abolitionist John Brown following his raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Major Jackson was placed in command of the artillery, consisting of two howitzers manned by 21 cadets
-In 1861, as the American Civil War broke out, Jackson became a drill master for some of the many new recruits in the Confederate Army
-On April 27, 1861, Virginia Governor John Letcher ordered Colonel Jackson to take command at Harpers Ferry, where he would assemble and command the famous "Stonewall Brigade", consisting of the 2nd, 4th, 5th, 27th, and 33rd Virginia Infantry regiments.....Or also know as the 1st Brigade
-All of these units were from the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia
-Jackson became known for his relentless drilling of his troops
-He believed discipline was vital to success on the battlefield
-Jackson rose to prominence and earned his most famous nickname at the First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run) in July 1861
-As the Confederate lines began to crumble under heavy Union assault, Jackson's brigade provided crucial reinforcements on Henry House Hill, demonstrating the discipline he instilled in his men. Brig. Gen. Barnard Elliott Bee, Jr., exhorted his own troops to re-form by shouting, "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall. Let us determine to die here, and we will conquer. Follow me."


Return to “ACW Generals Biographers”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest